Utilization of Sunflower Stalk in Manufacture of Thermoplastic Composite

Kaymakci A., Ayrilmis N. , Ozdemir F., Gulec T.

JOURNAL OF POLYMERS AND THE ENVIRONMENT, vol.21, no.4, pp.1135-1142, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10924-012-0564-9
  • Page Numbers: pp.1135-1142


Dimensional stability and mechanical performance of polypropylene thermoplastic composites filled with sunflower stalk (SS) flour at 30, 40, 50, and 60 wt% contents of the SS flour were investigated. The thickness swelling and water absorption of the specimens increased with increasing SS flour content. The modulus in the flexural and tensile improved with increasing SS flour content while the tensile and flexural strengths of the specimens decreased. The use of maleic anhydride polypropylene (3 wt%) had a positive effect on the dimensional stability and mechanical properties of the polypropylene thermoplastic composites filled with SS flour. The melting temperature of polypropylene decreased with increasing content of the SS flour. The degree of crystallinity of filled polypropylene composites between fibre loading of 0-30 % by weight was higher than that of unfilled polypropylene composites. However, further increment in the filler content decreased the degree of crystallinity. The obtained results showed that SS flour could be potentially suitable raw material in the manufacture of polypropylene composites.