Effect of finishing and polishing systems on the surface roughness and color change of composite resins

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Aydın N., Topçu F., Karaoğlanoğlu S., Oktay E., ERDEMİR U.

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, vol.13, no.5, pp.446-454, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.4317/jced.58011
  • Journal Name: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.446-454
  • Keywords: color stability, Composite resin, surface roughness


© 2021 Medicina Oral S. L. C.I.F.. All Rights Reserved.Background: This study is to examine the surface roughness and color changes occurring on composite resins following the application of different finishing and polishing systems. Material and Methods: In our study, a total of 200 samples were prepared from composites resin (6(Formula presented)2 mm) containing supra-nano, submicron hybrid, nanohybrid, nano-ceramic and microhybrid filler. They were polished with diamond, aluminum oxide, silicon carbide finishing and polishing systems. The initial color values of composite samples were measured with a spectrophotometer and surface roughness values with a profilometer. After that, samples were immersed of coffee solution and color measurements were repeated on the 1st and 7th day. The differences between surface roughness (Ra) and color change values (AEab) were evaluated using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test (p<0.05). Results: Finishing and polishing systems produced a statistically significant difference between the surface roughness values of nano-ceramic, submicron hybrid and microhybrid composite resin samples (p<0.05). Supra nano composite, which showed the lowest surface roughness after all finishing and polishing systems, showed the least color change after 7 days compared to other composite groups (p<0.05). The microhybrid composite with the highest surface roughness was the most color changing composite group (p<0.5). Conclusions: The spiral finishing and polishing system containing diamond particles was the system to provide the least color difference on all composite groups. However, color differences of all composite resin groups were found to exceed the perceptibility threshold (PT) and acceptability threshold (AT).