Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of BUMPs and its relationship with prenatal attachment

Karasin F. B., YILMAZ T.

JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE AND INFANT PSYCHOLOGY, 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02646838.2023.2217718
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, PASCAL, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


ObjectiveThe present research aims to adapt the Body Understanding Measure for Pregnancy Scale (BUMPs) to Turkish, determine its psychometric properties, and examine the correlation between prenatal attachment and body image perception of pregnant women.MethodsThree hundred seventy-one pregnant women were enrolled in the research. The original English version of the BUMPs was translated into Turkish using forward-backward translation logic. The scale's reliability was evaluated with item analysis, internal consistency analysis, and test-retest reliability. Turkish version of the BUMPs and Prenatal Attachment Inventory (PAI) were filled out by pregnant women. The relationship between them was evaluated by correlation analysis.ResultsThe mean week of gestation was 25.25 +/- 8.26 (min: 12, max: 41). The Turkish version of the BUMPs exhibited satisfactory psychometric properties. The t-values, factor loadings, and fit indices of the scale items of the Turkish version were at an acceptable and excellent level. As a result of confirmatory factor analysis, the 18-item, three-factor construct was confirmed for the Turkish version of the scale. In the Turkish version of the scale, there are three subscales, including satisfaction with appearing pregnant, weight gain concerns, and physical burdens of pregnancy. Cronbach's alpha internal consistency coefficient of the overall scale was 0.84. A significant correlation was determined between the scores of the Turkish version of the BUMPs and the PAI (r = -0.263; p < 0.001).ConclusionThe Turkish version of the BUMPs is a valid and reliable measurement tool for determining pregnant women's body image perception. Prenatal attachment increases with the increasing body image perception of pregnant women.