A comparison of fatty acid, cholesterol and vitamin composition in sea bass [Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758)] and sea bream [Sparus aurata (Linnaeus, 1758)] from three cage farm areas: Antalya and Mugla (Turkey) and Iskele (Northern Cyprus)

Harlioglu A. G., Yilmaz O., Oray I. K., Aydin S.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY, vol.32, no.3, pp.577-582, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jai.13036
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.577-582
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


In the present study the fatty acids, cholesterol and vitamin composition in farmed sea bass (8 fish per species per farm; weight range: 389.6-395.8 g, total length range: 297-316 mm) and sea bream (8 fish per species per farm; weight range: 386.8-391.7 g, total length range: 263-268 mm) from three cage farms (Iskele in northern Cyprus, Antalya and Mugla in Turkey) were compared during the harvesting period in June-July 2011. The results showed that the muscles of D. labrax and S. aurata farmed fish were rich in n-3 fatty acids, but with important differences. For example, the muscles of sea bass farmed in Iskele were rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). Palmitic acid (C16:0) was the primary saturated fatty acid, and oleic acid (C18:1 n-9) the primary mono-unsaturated fatty acid in the muscle and liver samples of the cage-farmed sea bass and sea bream. There were no significant differences in the cholesterol content in the muscles of sea bream farmed in Iskele, Antalya or Mugla. In conclusion, the n-3/n-6 ratio in the muscle of farmed S. aurata and D. labrax is within the recommended limits for a healthy human diet, being very suitable for human nutrition.