Reducing The Modifiable Risks of Cardiovascular Disease in Turkish Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: The Effectiveness of Training

CEVIK A. B., Ozcan S., Satman I.

CLINICAL NURSING RESEARCH, vol.24, no.3, pp.299-317, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1054773814531288
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.299-317
  • Keywords: cardiovascular risk reduction, training, type 2 diabetes, promote lifestyle activity, SCIENTIFIC STATEMENT, PRIMARY PREVENTION, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, EDUCATION, REDUCTION, MEN, INTERVENTIONS, ASSOCIATION, ADHERENCE, MORTALITY
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Our goal was to reduce the number of modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) through providing lifestyle adjustment training and counseling to patients with type 2 diabetes. In this pre-post intervention study, 139 patients with diabetes were provided with training to reduce the modifiable risks of CVD. One hundred three patients attended the post-training evaluation. Two phone counseling sessions were provided with 1-month intervals. Consumption of red meat and processed food decreased and water consumption, carrying on the recommended diet, and the frequency of exercise increased (p = .000), A1C decreased (p = .05), and the use of aspirin increased (p = .03). Thus, a contribution to the reduction of CVD risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes was achieved. The training program for reducing CVD risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes was effective in improving nutrition and lifestyle behaviors and decreasing glycemic control.