Modeling of adsorption kinetics and equilibria of acid dyes onto activated carbon in single- and binary-component systems

Ayar N., Atun G.

TOXICOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY, vol.96, no.7, pp.1012-1028, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Adsorptive removal of Acid Blue 127 and Acid Yellow 17 from their single and binary solutions has been studied using powdered activated carbon (PAC). The dyes used extensively for dying of nylon fiber in textile industry are known as Nylomine Blue P-B (NB) and Nylomine Yellow P-4G (NY), respectively. Time-dependent results obtained from single-component system have been better predicted by two resistance diffusion model rather than homogeneous surface diffusion. The magnitudes of film- and intraparticle diffusion coefficients calculated from McKay equation are similar to 10(-9) and similar to 10(-15) m(2) s(-1), whereas surface diffusion coefficients have been estimated as similar to 10(-13) m(2) s(-1) using Vermeulen approximation. Experimental equilibrium isotherms have been evaluated by changing initial dye concentrations in the range of 0.02-1.00 of mmol L-1. Freundlich isotherm parameters for individual solutions of the dyes have been used to predict their equilibrium behaviors in binary solutions by applying extended Freundlich model. Langmuir isotherm model and its extended form have also been fitted to the data for single- and binary-dye solutions, respectively. Thermodynamic functions derived from the temperature dependence of adsorption equilibrium constants in 298-318 K range show that adsorption processes are endothermic but spontaneous.