Chronic respiratory conditions are among the top causes of death and disability. The aim of the paper was to improve Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) physicians' professional practice for people with chronic respiratory conditions in order to promote their functioning and to reduce activity limitations and/or participation restrictions. A systematic review of the literature and a Consensus procedure by means of a Delphi process have been performed involving the delegates of all European countries represented in the UEMS PRM Section. The systematic literature review is reported together with twenty-three recommendations resulting from the Delphi procedure. The professional role of PRM physicians having expertise in the rehabilitation of chronic respiratory conditions is to lead pulmonary rehabilitation programs in multiprofessional teams. working in collaboration with other disciplines in a variety of settings to improve functioning of people with chronic respiratory conditions. This evidence-based position paper represents the official position of the European Union through the UEMS PRM Section and designates the professional role of PRM physicians for people with respiratory conditions.