Removal of Paraquat and Linuron from Water by Continuous Flow Adsorption/Ultrafiltration Membrane Processes


Zahoor M.

JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY OF PAKISTAN, cilt.35, ss.577-584, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 35 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY OF PAKISTAN
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.577-584

Özet

The magnetic activated carbon (MAC) was prepared, characterized and compared with powdered activated carbon (PAC) for its adsorptive parameters. Both adsorbents were then used in combination ultrafiltration (UF) membrane as pretreatment for the removal of paraquat and linuron from water. The comparison of membrane parameters like percent retention, permeate flux and backwash times for PAC/UF and MAC/UF hybrid processes showed that percent retention of paraquat and linuron was high for PAC due to its high surface area. However due to cake formation over membrane surface the decline permeate fluxes and long backwash times for PAC were observed. PAC also caused blackening of pipes and flow meter. MAC (an iron oxide and PAC composite) was removed from slurry through magnet thus no cake formation and secondary problems observed for PAC was not encountered. Also the backwash times were minimum for MAC/UF process.