Corrosion Behavior of B and Ti Grain-Refined Sr-Modified A356

Ozturk I., Agaoglu G. H., Erzi E., Dispinar D., Orhan G.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE, vol.27, no.10, pp.5197-5204, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Corrosion behavior of A356 aluminum alloy with different grain refiners was evaluated. For this purpose, the Sr-modified A356 alloy was grain refined with Al5Ti1B and Al3B, and then, the corrosion characteristics were determined. For the mechanical properties, impact and Vickers hardness tests were carried out. To determine the corrosion behavior, both the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy technique and by potentiodynamic polarization plots were carried out in a 3.5wt.% NaCl solution at 25 degrees C. The corrosion resistance of A356 alloy was dramatically improved in sequence with the following modifications compared to the unmodified castings: Sr, Ti and B additions. This situation applies to both different cooling rates, namely die and sand casting. The increase in corrosion rate was more than 80% for all alterations of the microstructure. Additionally, charge transfer resistance was increased ten times in die cast samples, while this value was 2.5 for sand cast samples compared to the unmodified alloy. It is important to note that sand casting of the unmodified alloy was improved four times with regard to the die cast unmodified A356.