Magnetic nerve root stimulation in two types of brachial plexus injury: Segmental demyelination and axonal degeneration


Oge A. E., BOYACIYAN A., GURVIT H., YAZICI J., DEĞIRMENCI M. E., KANTEMIR E.

Muscle and Nerve, vol.20, no.7, pp.823-832, 1997 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 1997
  • Journal Name: Muscle and Nerve
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.823-832
  • Keywords: brachial plexus lesions, magnetic nerve root stimulation, polyneuropathy, thoracic outlet syndrome, torture, GUILLAIN-BARRE-SYNDROME, CLINICAL-APPLICATION, CONDUCTION, PLEXOPATHIES, DIAGNOSIS, SITE
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Magnetic cervical nerve root stimulation was performed in 9 patients with plexopathies secondary to suspension (SP) and in 12 cases with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS). The findings were compared with those of the previously reported case groups: n-hexane polyneuropathy (HPNP), inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (IDP), and motor neuron disease (MND). Muscle responses elicited by magnetic stimulation had very high rates of amplitude and area loss in the neck-axilla segments of the 6 SP patients. This, along with the other electrophysiological findings, suggested the presence of segmentally demyelinating plexus lesions. In NTOS patients, magnetic stimulation findings were not significantly different from those of the controls. Neck-axilla segment amplitude and area reduction rates in SP and IDP patients were significantly higher than those found in NTOS, HPNP, and MND groups, implying that magnetic nerve root stimulation may have a role in the demonstration of segmentally demyelinating lesions involving proximal nerve segments.