Effect of hydrodynamic conditions on the formation and structure of aerobic granular sludge performing enhanced biological phosphorus removal


ÇETİN E., Magden K. A. , Zhou Y., YILMAZ G.

WATER AND ENVIRONMENT JOURNAL, vol.36, no.1, pp.56-66, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/wej.12754
  • Journal Name: WATER AND ENVIRONMENT JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.56-66
  • Keywords: aggregation, batch processing, biokinetics, EBPR granular sludge, settling time, waste-water treatment, ACCUMULATING MICROBIAL GRANULES, PHOSPHATE REMOVAL, ACTIVATED-SLUDGE, AMMONIUM ADSORPTION, SELECTION PRESSURE, SHEAR FORCE, DENITRIFICATION, TECHNOLOGY, METABOLISM, STABILITY
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No

Abstract

The study investigated the effect of hydrodynamic conditions on the formation of enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) granular sludge without losing the EBPR capacity, and its structure. The effect of hydrodynamic conditions on the formation of EBPR granular sludge was evaluated by using the minimum settling velocity, (V-s)(min), and superficial air velocity. The application of (V-s)(min) strategy was proved to be beneficial in maintaining granular biomass without losing the EBPR capacity. Microscale structure, the chemical composition and chemically stored phosphorus of the matured EBPR granular sludge were determined by using ESEM-EDX and cold perchloric acid (PCA) analyses. The results of both the ESEM-EDX and PCA analyses proved that the poly-P granules were stored extracellular in EPS structure of EBPR granular sludge. Therefore, the EBPR granular sludge has a high potential for both removal and recovery of phosphorus from wastewater, which needs to be investigated in future studies.