Somatic Cloning in Cats Using MI or MII Oocytes

Evecen M., Pabuccuoglu S., Demir K., Yagcioglu S., Can A., Erturk E., ...More

KAFKAS UNIVERSITESI VETERINER FAKULTESI DERGISI, vol.22, no.6, pp.923-928, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.9775/kvfd.2016.15665
  • Page Numbers: pp.923-928


Animal production via SCNT provides a unique tool for protection of valuable individuals, conservation of vulnerable and endangered species and production of transgenic animals. A total of 167 MI and 219 MII stage oocytes were used as the material of the study. The oocytes were enucleated at 44 h after in vitro maturation by aspiration of the polar body and the MI or MII plates. Cycling granulosa cells were used for nuclear transfer. Cell fusion was induced with DC pulses of 2.0 kV/cm 60 mu s, 0.1s apart (2x) delivered by a BTX Electrocell Manipulator 200 (BTX, San Diego, CA, USA). After fusion, the embryos were activated by 1.0 kV/cm 20 mu s DC pulses 0.1s apart (2x) followed by 2 mM 6-DMAP (6-dimethylaminopurine) incubation in culture medium for 4 h in a humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2, 5% O-2, and 90% N-2 at 38 degrees C. The somatic cell transferred embryos were cultured for 8 days in mSOF medium supplemented with 0.4% BSA in a humidified 5% CO2, 5% O-2, and 90% N2 atmosphere at 38 degrees C. After in vitro culture period, all embryos transferred to HSOF containing Hoechst 33342 (5 mu g/mL) and the cell numbers were counted under ultraviolet light using a fluorescent microscope. The fusion (66.66 vs 21.55%) and cleavage rates (15.75 vs 11.11%) were significantly higher in MII stage oocytes than MI stage oocytes (P<0.02). While SCNT embryos were developed to morula stage in MII group (14; 9.58%), all the cleaved embryos were arrested at the 2-4 cell stage in MI group. None of the embryos was developed to blastocyst stage in both groups.