JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH, vol.37, no.5, pp.1301-1310, 2009 (SCI-Expanded)
This study determined the prevalence of retinal arteriolar emboli risk factors in 148 patients (86 males) diagnosed with coronary artery disease who required coronary artery bypass graft surgery (mean +/- SD age 59.1 +/- 12.9 years). The prevalence of smoking was 50.7%, hypertension was 49.3%, diabetes mellitus was 27.0% and obesity was 31.1%. Retinal arteriolar emboli were detected using binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy of both eyes. They were found in 10 patients (6.8%) and identified as the cholesterol type. Patients were divided according to their baseline low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) serum level; retinal arteriolar emboli were significantly more frequent in patients with LDL-C levels > 100 mg/dl. These results demonstrate that the prevalence of hypercholesterolaemia and high LDL-C were increased in patients with retinal arteriolor emboli. Identification and treatment of modifiable risk factors, such as high LDLC and hypercholesterolaemia, might be beneficial in these individuals.