Genomic Mismatch at LIMS1 Locus and Kidney Allograft Rejection


Steers N. J. , Li Y., Drace Z., D'Addario J. A. , Fischman C., Liu L., ...Daha Fazla

NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, cilt.380, ss.1918-1928, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 380 Konu: 20
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1056/nejmoa1803731
  • Dergi Adı: NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1918-1928

Özet

Background In the context of kidney transplantation, genomic incompatibilities between donor and recipient may lead to allosensitization against new antigens. We hypothesized that recessive inheritance of gene-disrupting variants may represent a risk factor for allograft rejection. Methods We performed a two-stage genetic association study of kidney allograft rejection. In the first stage, we performed a recessive association screen of 50 common gene-intersecting deletion polymorphisms in a cohort of kidney transplant recipients. In the second stage, we replicated our findings in three independent cohorts of donor-recipient pairs. We defined genomic collision as a specific donor-recipient genotype combination in which a recipient who was homozygous for a gene-intersecting deletion received a transplant from a nonhomozygous donor. Identification of alloantibodies was performed with the use of protein arrays, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and Western blot analyses. Results In the discovery cohort, which included 705 recipients, we found a significant association with allograft rejection at the LIMS1 locus represented by rs893403 (hazard ratio with the risk genotype vs. nonrisk genotypes, 1.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35 to 2.50; P=9.8x10(-5)). This effect was replicated under the genomic-collision model in three independent cohorts involving a total of 2004 donor-recipient pairs (hazard ratio, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.25 to 1.93; P=6.5x10(-5)). In the combined analysis (discovery cohort plus replication cohorts), the risk genotype was associated with a higher risk of rejection than the nonrisk genotype (hazard ratio, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.37 to 1.95; P=4.7x10(-8)). We identified a specific antibody response against LIMS1, a kidney-expressed protein encoded within the collision locus. The response involved predominantly IgG2 and IgG3 antibody subclasses. Conclusions We found that the LIMS1 locus appeared to encode a minor histocompatibility antigen. Genomic collision at this locus was associated with rejection of the kidney allograft and with production of anti-LIMS1 IgG2 and IgG3.