Congenital factor deficiencies (CFDs) refer to inherited deficiency of coagulation factors in the blood. A total of 481 patients with CFDs, who were diagnosed and followed at our Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Clinic between 1990 and 2015, were retrospectively evaluated. Of the 481 cases, 134 (27.8%) were hemophilia A, 38 (7.9%) were hemophilia B, 57 (11.8%) were von Willebrand disease (vWD), and 252 (52.3%) were rare bleeding disorders (RBDs). The median age of the patients at the time of diagnosis and at the time of the study was 4.1 years (range: 2 months to 20.4 years) and 13.4 years (range: 7 months to 31.3 years), respectively. The median duration of the follow-up time was 6.8 years (range: 2.5 months to 24.8 years). One hundred nineteen (47.2%) of 252 patients with RBDs were asymptomatic, 49 (41.1%) of whom diagnosed by family histories, 65 (54.6%) through preoperative laboratory studies, and 5 (4.2%) after prolonged bleeding during surgeries. Consanguinity rate for the RBDs was 47.2%. Prophylactic treatment was initiated in 80 patients, 58 of whom were hemophilia A, 7 were hemophilia B, 13 were RBDs, and 2 were vWD. Significant advances have been achieved during the past 2 decades in the treatment of patients with CFDs, particularly in patients with hemophilias. The rarity and clinical heterogeneity of RBDs lead to significant diagnostic challenges and improper management. In this regard, multinational collaborative efforts are needed with the hope that can improve the management of patients with RBDs.