The Effects of Nitric Oxide Donor Molsidomine on Skeletal Muscle Damage in a Rat Hind Limb Model of Ischemia-Reperfusion

Oeztuerk K., Ozyurt H., Somay A., Karaca C.

EUROPEAN SURGICAL RESEARCH, vol.42, no.2, pp.71-77, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Editorial Material
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000171070
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.71-77
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Background: In this experimental study, we aimed to examine the protective effect of molsidomine (MS), a nitric oxide (NO) donor, against ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury in a rat skeletal muscle model. Methods: Ischemia was achieved by application of an elastic rubber band as high as possible on the left thigh of the rats. Group 1: the control group received a sham operation. Group 2: the I-R group received I-R injury to the left hind limbs. Group 3: the I-R/MS group underwent the same model of I-R injury and received MS. Group 4: the I-R/L -NAME (N-omega-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester) group underwent the same model of I-R injury and received L -NAME, an inhibitor of NO synthase. Results: In groups 2 and 4, malondialdehyde increased significantly when compared to groups 1 and 3. Superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase increased significantly in group 3 compared to groups 2 and 4. The NO levels were significantly elevated in group 3 compared to groups 2 and 4. In addition, the histopathological score was considerably lower in group 3 than in group 4. The number of necrotic muscle fibers and infiltration of neutrophils were significantly reduced in the MS-treated group. Conclusions: These findings suggest that MS can exert a protective effect against skeletal muscle injury caused by I-R in the rats. Copyright (C) 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel