Pediatric and developmental pathology : the official journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology and the Paediatric Pathology Society, cilt.23, ss.204-209, 2020 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a potentially aggressive, rare childhood neoplasia. We investigated histopathological features, survival, and DICER1 hotspot mutations among PPB patients. Archive records at our institution were reviewed, covering a 20-year period. Thirteen children (6 males and 7 females) with a mean age of 30.5 (range 6-83) months were included. The tumor subtypes were type I in 6 (46%), type II in 4 (31%), and type III in 3 (23%). Only tumors with type II and type III histology showed anaplasia (4/7, 57%). Median follow-up was 28 (range 9-216) months. Three-year overall survival rate was 83.3% and 3-year progression-free survival rate was 25%. Progression was seen in 60% (3/5) of type I and 66.7% (4/6) of type II and type III cases. Two patients died of disseminated disease at 9 and 44 months. Hotspot missense mutations on DICER1 gene were detected in all 11 patients with available tumor tissue. We found an additional novel germline loss-of-function mutation (c.5436dupT; p.E1813*) in 1 case. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate hotspot missense mutations on DICER1 gene among the largest series of Turkish children with PPB.