Changes in pharyngeal (airway) morphology in Class III Turkish female patients after mandibular setback surgery

Marsan G. , Cura N. , Emekli U.

JOURNAL OF CRANIO-MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, cilt.36, ss.341-345, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 36 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jcms.2008.03.001
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.341-345


Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the pharyngeal and lower facial morphology in Turkish female Class III patients 1.5 +/- 0.4 years after mandibular setback surgery (bilateral sagittal split osteotomy), and orthodontic multi-bracket treatment. Only women with mandibular prognathism were selected because sex differences in pharyngeal airway changes were evident. Material and methods: Lateral cephalograms of 25 Turkish female Class III patients (mean age: 25.4 +/- 2.6 years) with mandibular prognathism, were assessed before and 1.5 +/- 0.4 years after operation. Paired t and Pearson tests were used. Results: The pharyngeal airway morphology showed significant changes in soft-palate length and posterior reference line (PRL) to point of posterior tongue. The decrease in PTV-Pg distance was correlated with the decreases in PRL-PSP, PRL-PTO and PRL-E distances. It was considered normal for the pharyngeal airway morphology to adapt after surgery to improve the hard tissue relationship. Conclusion: The lower facial morphology significantly changed and the pharyngeal airway narrowed 1.5 +/- 0.4 years after mandibular setback surgery. (C) 2008 European Association for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery.