Aim: The controversial relationship between macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and the likelihood of cardiometabolic diseases was investigated. Results/methodology: Assayed MIF protein from 1225 adults was cross-sectionally analyzed. MIF was independently inversely associated with age, total testosterone and positively with high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol. In men MIF correlation with age, testosterone and waist circumference converted from inverse in the upper to positive in the bottom MIF third. Both metabolic syndrome and diabetes were significantly associated, in combined gender, with the intermediate (vs the highest) MIF tertile at an odds ratio 1.6. Coronary heart disease was not significantly related with MIF in either gender. Discussion/conclusion: Findings are consistent with oxidative damage to MIF protein and its involvement in autoimmune activation, likely more extensive in women.