Lausanne Population Exchange Migration and the Habitation of Turkish Refugees


Tepealti F.

JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHY-COGRAFYA DERGISI, no.39, pp.89-98, 2019 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 39
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/jgeog2019-0024
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHY-COGRAFYA DERGISI
  • Page Numbers: pp.89-98

Abstract

The exchange of Turkish and Greek population, which became definite upon an agreement signed between Turkey and Greece at the Lausanne Conference, caused crucial consequences. This period, signifying a compulsory removal of people from their homeland, was a main issue for the Turkish Republic. At the end of ten-year process of transforming minorities in Turkey and Greece into immigrants, parties, through exchange, achieved religious identity integrity. However, considering the qualifications and the value of immigrants, it is a reality that Turkey suffered significant losses. Whereas Greeks migrating to Greece from Turkey were a tradesman urban population, Turks migrating from Greece to Turkey were a farmer peasant population.