A Photometric and Astrometric Study of the Open Clusters NGC 1664 and NGC 6939

Koç S., Yontan T. , Bilir S. , Canbay R., Ak T. , Banks T., ...More

ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL, vol.163, no.4, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 163 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3847/1538-3881/ac58a0
  • Title of Journal : ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL


This study calculated astrophysical parameters, as well as kinematic and galactic orbital parameters, of the open clusters NGC 1664 and NGC 6939. The work is based on CCD ultraviolet, blue, and visual (UBV) and Gaia photometric and astrometric data from ground- and space-based observations. Considering Gaia Early Data Release 3 (EDR3) astrometric data, we determined membership probabilities of stars located in both of the clusters. We used two-color diagrams to determine the E(B - V) color excesses for NGC 1664 and NGC 6939 as 0.190 +/- 0.018 and 0.380 +/- 0.025 mag, respectively. Photometric metallicities for the two clusters were estimated as [Fe/H] = -0.10 +/- 0.02 dex for NGC 1664 and as [Fe/H] = -0.06 +/- 0.01 dex for NGC 6939. Using the reddening and metallicity calculated in the study, we obtained distance moduli and ages of the clusters by fitting parsec isochrones to the color-magnitude diagrams based on the most likely member stars. Isochrone fitting distances are 1289 +/- 47 pc and 1716 +/- 87 pc, which coincide with ages of 675 +/- 50 Myr and 1.5 +/- 0.2 Gyr for NGC 1664 and NGC 6939, respectively. We also derived the distances to the clusters using Gaia trigonometric parallaxes and compared these estimates with the literature. We concluded that the results are in good agreement with those given by the current study. Present-day mass function slopes were calculated as Gamma = -1.22 +/- 0.33 and Gamma = -1.18 +/- 0.21 for NGC 1664 and NGC 6939, respectively, which are compatible with the Salpeter slope. Analyzes showed that both of clusters are dynamically relaxed. The kinematic and dynamic orbital parameters of the clusters were calculated, indicating that the birthplaces of the clusters are outside the solar circle.