The peripheral dose outside the applicator in electron beams of Oncor linear accelerator


Iktueren B., Bilge H. B. , Karacam S. , Atkovar G.

RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY, cilt.150, ss.192-197, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 150 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1093/rpd/ncr392
  • Dergi Adı: RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.192-197

Özet

In this study, the peripheral dose outside the applicator was measured using electron beams produced by an Oncor linear accelerator and compared with the data of the treatment planning system (TPS). The dose profiles have been measured, by using a water-equivalent slab phantom and a parallel plate ionisation chamber, at 6, 9 and 15 MeV energy levels in 55, 1010, 1515, 2020 and 2525 cm(2) applicators and at 0, 10 and 20 gantry angles; and at the surface, 0.2, 0.5, 1 cm and d(max) depth for each electron energy level. The peripheral dose has been determined with these profiles by normalisation at the field central beam axis (CAX). It has been noticed that, using a 1010 cm(2) applicator, there is a 1.4 dose peak on the surface 6 cm away from the field edge where the field CAX is at 100 , at a gantry angle of 0 with 6 and 9 MeV electron beams; also for the 15 MeV electron beam there is a 2.3 dose peak. It has been discovered that the peak dose approaches a minimum depending on the increase in depth and reaches 2.54 depending on the growth of the field dimension. At gantry angles of 10 and 20, 6 and 9 MeV electron beams created small peaks and a maximum dose could be reached at 0.2 and 1 cm depth. Electron beam of 15 MeV did not peak at depths of 0.2 and 1 cm at gantry angles of 10 and 20. The measured peripheral dose outside the applicators has been compared with the data from a TPSs computer using the Pencil Beam algorithm; it has been stated that dose calculations can be made as far as 3 cm outside the field. In conclusion, the TPS is not sufficient to measure the peripheral dose outside the applicators, and this dose can only be determined by direct measurement.