Electrothermal Bipolar Vessel Sealer in Endoscope-Assisted Latissumus Dorsi Flap Harvesting

Guven E., Basaran K., Yazar M., Ozden B. C. , Kuvat S. V. , Aydin H.

JOURNAL OF LAPAROENDOSCOPIC & ADVANCED SURGICAL TECHNIQUES, vol.20, no.9, pp.735-742, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/lap.2010.0056
  • Page Numbers: pp.735-742


LigaSure (TM) is a new bipolar vascular sealing system commonly used in various fields of surgery. However, no reports have been published about its use in plastic surgery, particularly for endoscopic flap harvesting. In this study, we present the use of LigaSure in endoscope-assisted latissimus dorsi (LD) flap harvesting for breast reconstruction. Between 2006 and 2008, 11 female patients with the mean age of 33.4 (range, 20-49 years) who had previously undergone mastectomy operations were included in the study. First stage of reconstruction was performed with the ipsilateral LD harvested by the help of LigaSure and a tissue expander placed beneath the LD and pectoralis major muscles. Secondary reconstruction was done by a definitive silicon gel-filled implant placed after an average of 6.6 months of expansion (range, 6-9 months). Data concerning the hospitalization and operation times, drainage amounts, complications, etc., were recorded. Mean follow-up was 13 months (range, 8-18 months). Mean flap harvesting time was recorded as 74.2 minutes (range, 50-125 minutes), which shortened as the surgeon got used to the procedure. Patients were hospitalized for 3-7 days, with a mean hospitalization period of 5.5 days. The total mean drainage amount postoperatively was found to be 950mL (range, 725-975 mL), which is relatively lower than the previously reported values. LigaSure use in endoscope-assisted LD harvesting is easy, safe, and time sparing with almost no complications observed in this small initial series. Although more controlled studies with larger number of patients need to be done to verify its effectiveness in terms of hospitalization, drainage amounts, etc., it holds promise for a wide spectrum of operations in the field of plastic surgery.