Design and application of PEM fuel cell-based cascade boost converter

Kocaarslan I. , Kart S., Genç N., Üzmuş H.

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


This paper presents average sliding current controller (ASCC) for the proton membrane exchange fuel cell (PEMFC)-based DC-DC cascade boost converter under different source and load conditions. PEMFC which has variable voltage and current can be used in a lot of applications with a wide operating range in low temperatures. However, as the PEMFC produces low nonlinear voltage, this lower nonlinear voltage value needs to be increased as a linear voltage with an appropriate power electronics converter. Therefore, this paper proposes DC-DC cascade boost converter which has a higher voltage gain for PEMFC stack. First, a classical PI controller was applied to regulate the output voltage. Then, the current of the PEMFC-based DC-DC cascade boost converter was controlled via ASCC by using output of the voltage controller. After analyzing the dynamic model of the PEMFC-based DC-DC cascade boost converter via MATLAB/Simulink program, the experimental results of the controlled PEMFC-based DC-DC cascade boost converter are observed and discussed.