Spectral singularities and whispering gallery modes of a cylindrical gain medium


Mostafazadeh A., Sarisaman M.

PHYSICAL REVIEW A, vol.87, no.6, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 87 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1103/physreva.87.063834
  • Title of Journal : PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Abstract

Complex scattering potentials can admit scattering states that behave exactly like a zero-width resonance. Their energy is what mathematicians call a spectral singularity. This phenomenon admits optical realizations in the form of lasing at the threshold gain, and its time-reversal is responsible for antilasing. We study spectral singularities and whispering gallery modes (WGMs) of a cylindrical gain medium. In particular, we introduce a class of WGMs that support a spectral singularity and, as a result, have a divergent quality factor. These singular gallery modes (SGMs) are excited only if the system has a positive gain coefficient, but typically the required gain is extremely small. More importantly, given any amount of gain, there are SGMs requiring smaller gain than this amount. This means that, in principle, the system lacks a lasing threshold. Furthermore, the abundance of these modes allows for configurations where a particular value of the gain coefficient yields an effective excitation of two distant SGMs. This induces lasing at two different wavelengths.