Chemotyping of Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum Isolates from Turkey by PCR Assay

Yoruk E. , Albayrak G.

MYCOPATHOLOGIA, cilt.173, ss.53-61, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 173 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11046-011-9462-2
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.53-61


Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum are the major causal agents of Fusarium head blight in Turkey. They produce trichothecenes such as deoxynivalenol (DON), nivalenol (NIV) and their several acetylated derivatives, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON) and 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON). In this study, a total of thirty-three isolates of F. graminearum and F. culmorum were collected from various regions and three different hosts. They were identified by amplification of tri5 gene cluster. Totally 32 isolates, 21 of F. culmorum and 11 of F. graminearum, were determined as DON chemotype, while only one F. graminearum isolate (1F) was detected as a NIV. A 282 base pair (bp) band for tri13 gene and also ranging from 458 to 535 bp bands for tri7 gene were amplified in all DON producers' genomes. Further analysis of DON chemotype based on tri3 gene amplification showed that all isolates of F. graminearum displayed 15-ADON sub-chemotype. They yielded a 863 bp amplicon. Similarly, 3-ADON sub-chemotype was identified in F. culmorum' isolates except F13. As a result of tri3 gene assay, it was produced a 583 bp fragment in these twenty isolates. It is the first report that a F. graminearum isolate depicts NIV chemotype in agricultural regions of Turkey. According to our findings, DON chemotype is predominating in our country. Also, it is presented that most of the F. graminearum isolates have 15-ADON sub-chemotype, while all F. culmorum's belong to 3-ADON which possess full length amplicon of tri7 gene.