GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL, vol.167, no.2, pp.1044-1052, 2006 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Article / Article
GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL
Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
Volcanic and magmatic rocks of Central Anatolia are fairly rich in radioelement concentrations.
The aerial gamma-ray spectrometric survey data, gathered for the purpose of radioactive
mineral exploration were utilized as an additional tool for the petrochemical classification of
the volcanic and magmatics rocks and their environments. The survey data on acidic intrusions
(e.g. granite, monzonite and syenite) have revealed radioelement concentrations to occur in
wide ranges to be 2–6 wt per cent for potassium (K), 3–15 ppm for uranium (U) and 10–52 ppm
for thorium (Th). The chain-like high and moderately high potassium, uranium and thorium
anomalies on acid intrusives of the entire area show a halo-shaped feature.
Locations and lithological compositions of the volcanic rocks namely lavas, tuffs, ignimbrites
and basalts, appear to be reasonably effective on their radioelement concentrations. The highest
potassium, uranium and thorium concentrations of the volcanic rocks are around 4 wt per cent,
10 ppm and 35 ppm, respectively. Consequently, depending on the location and composition,
volcanics show a very wide range of air absorbed dose rate. The lowest rates, which vary between
10 and 120 nGy/hr, were calculated in the ophiolitic group, thick cultivated soil covering
areas, particularly at the centre of the aerial survey area, metamorphosed rocks in the north and
young basalts mostly in the Kayseri district. Their average radioelement concentrations were
found to be very low, that is, 1.2 wt per cent, 2.3 ppm and 10 ppm for K, U and Th, respectively.
Because of the accumulation of soluble uranium isotopes, air absorbed rates stemming from
radioactivity of these isotopes at the vicinity of the Kozaklı hot spring reach 440 nGy/hr and
exceed 150 nGy/hr at the vicinity of the Nev¸sehir geothermal field.
Key words: central Anatolia, gamma-ray spectrometry, magmatic, radioelements, volcanic.