Shifting paradigms in development strategies: the case of neodevelopmentalism in Latin America


TAHSİN E.

SLAS 2014, Londra, United Kingdom, 2 - 04 April 2014, pp.1

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Londra
  • Country: United Kingdom
  • Page Numbers: pp.1
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This paper briefly aims to focus on the development strategies regarding the last decade of Latin America.

Given that Latin America is one of the unique geography that developmentalist approaches and integration policies have strong historical roots (Dabene, 2010) that goes back to 19th century besides by the 20th century, it seems that the divergence and convergence of independency and developmentalism ideas lead to the emergence of two important schools (structuralism and dependency) from Latin America that also have worldwide influences.

Currently "neostructuralism", "neodevelopmentalism", "development within", "endogenous development" are among the main concepts that have been defined as alternatives to neoliberal agenda. Addition to these considering the social exclusion and the level of poverty , pro-poor policies have been on the agenda of the governments. Basically "neodevelopmentalism" in Latin America is being called as a paradigm shift from the old developmentalist approaches of 1950s (Ocampo and Ros ,2012) as a reaction to market based development and policies applied under Washington Consesus. Since then the discontinuity and continuity from neoliberalism is one of the critical question to be answered.

Based on these the roots of developmentalist approaches in today's Latin America would tried to be defined. What is going on in real terms under these initiatives? What are the limits and contradictions of these experiences considering the development process would be the main questions that would tried to be answered. Brazil's experience since Lula period and aftermaths would be one of the specific case that would be included to the analysis.