Prospective Analysis of the Swallowing Reflex After Sagittal Split Osteotomy: Comparison with Normal Volunteers.


Genc A., Isler S., Keskin C., Oge A., Matur Z.

Dysphagia, vol.35, no.0, pp.798-805, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 0
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00455-019-10085-y
  • Journal Name: Dysphagia
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.798-805
  • Keywords: Sagittal split osteotomy, Dentofacial deformity, Swallowing reflex, Electromyography, Deglutition, Deglutition disorders, ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC ACTIVITY, ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY, MASTICATORY FUNCTION, MUSCLE, DEGLUTITION, PHARYNGEAL
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this study was electromyographic description of changes in swallowing before and after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy. In this prospective study, twenty-eight patients were divided into 3 groups according to the occlusion pattern: Group I (Angle Class III), Group II (Angle Class II), and Control (Class I). Serial cone-beam computed tomography analyses and electromyographic data were collected preoperatively, 1st and 6th months after setback surgery in Group I, and advancement surgery in Group II. Swallowing reflex with 3-20 ml water bolus were studied. Patients were further divided into two subgroups according to the magnitude of relapse. The mean setback of the mandible was 4.62 +/- 1.92 mm in Group I, and the mean advancement was 4.19 +/- 2.00 mm in Group II. Mandibular relapse rate was 17.40%. Oral preparation phase shortened after surgery in both study groups. Two subjects in Group II and one in Group I had piecemeal deglutition, and two of them became normal postoperatively. Most of the swallowing durations of the relapsed cases were longer than those of stabilized patients. Important clinical considerations are as follows: the oral preparation period becomes shorter after surgery; piecemeal deglutition may disappear after treatment; and individuals with a longer oral period and piecemeal deglutition may have increased tendency to skeletal relapse. This multidisciplinary study enhances our understanding of the adaptive response to the swallowing reflex after orthognathic surgery and provides novel insight into the association between the submental muscle activity and relapse in orthognathic patients.