Indication of a mini-valence Wigner-like energy in heavy nuclei


Cakirli R. B. , Blaum K., Casten R. F.

PHYSICAL REVIEW C, cilt.82, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

Certain double differences of binding energies can be constructed that exhibit the valence proton-neutron interaction. These double differences, known as delta V-pn (Z, N), show singularities in light N = Z even-even nuclei (and N = Z - 1 even-Z, odd-N nuclei) due to uniquely large overlaps of the proton and neutron wave functions and the short-range residual interaction. It is suggested that a similar phenomenon appears, heavily muted, in heavy nuclei as well, when one considers valence nucleon numbers. It is proposed that it arises from the overall similarity of the sequences of orbits in different major shells, giving higher overlaps when the respective proton and neutron shells are approximately equally filled.