Legionella surveillance in stagnant water systems during COVID-19 lockdown in Istanbul


Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, vol.17, no.6, pp.720-724, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.21161/mjm.211187
  • Journal Name: Malaysian Journal of Microbiology
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.720-724
  • Keywords: Legionella, COVID-19, stagnant water, ScanVIT, monitoring, LEGIONNAIRES-DISEASE, SPP., SCANVIT-LEGIONELLA(TM), PNEUMOPHILA, SAMPLES, ASSAY
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021. Malaysian Journal of Microbiology.All Rights ReservedAim: The aim of this study was to monitor the restricted water systems during the period of COVID-19 lockdown for the waterborne pathogen Legionella pneumophila. Selected water systems were monitored to evaluate the effect of stagnation in terms of Legionella colonization. Methodology and results: A total of 160 water samples were taken from buildings which were temporarily shut down or had restricted usage between April-December 2020. None of the sampling points had Legionella positive history in the last three years. All water samples were tested using classic microbiological culture as the gold standard and rapid Vermicon ScanVIT Legionella test kit combined with epifluorescence microscopy. Sixteen (10%) out of 160 water samples were recorded as Legionella-positive by both methods, where none of them was positive before the COVID-19 lockdown. All positives were tested as L. pneumophila serogroup 1 with latex agglutination kit. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: Colonization of Legionella in stagnant water systems occurs rapidly. Before reopening, routine monitoring in buildings is extremely important especially under restricted use or closure is in case. Flushing, disinfecting and testing are crucial for minimizing the health risks for the public health.