The Republic of Turkey was founded on a nation-state basis as a nationalist modernism within the framework of Ziya Gokalp and Ataturk's ideas. This understanding influenced cultural and musical creation in Turkey. The composers combined the materials of national music with international polyphonic music techniques, and they created a nationalist polyphonic music as a new kind of music in accordance with the state system. Ahmed Adnan Saygun is one of the first-generation composers of this new kind called Turkish contemporary music. He emphasized nationalism in music with his musical works as well as his ideas, and came to the fore among other composers.