Pharmacognostical Studies on Acer campestre L. subsp. campestre

Şen Utsukarçi B. , Bal Y. S. , Gürdal Abamor M. B. , Bardakçı H., Yılmaz F. N. , Döşler S.

International Journal of Secondary Metabolite, cilt.7, sa.2, ss.126-138, 2020 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 7 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.21448/ijsm.711952
  • Dergi Adı: International Journal of Secondary Metabolite
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.126-138


This study on Acer campestre L. subsp. campestre, used traditionally in treatments of various inflammation disorders, especially hemorrhoids and rheumatism, aimed to determine the total phenolic contents, the antioxidant and antimicrobial potentials, and the chemical composition profile of the extracts and subextracts from maple syrup and Acer campestre L. subsp. campestre leaves and twigs. The antioxidant activities of maple syrup extracts and subextracts were examined by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH), and the total phenolic contents of all samples were determined using the Folin-Ciocalteu reagent (FCR) method. Also, they were tested for their antimicrobial activities by microbroth dilution technique. Catechic tannin, saponins and flavonoids are determined in its leaves and twigs by preliminary qualitative phytochemical analysis. The alcoholic extracts obtained by 48-hour maceration (91.2%), ethyl acetate subextract of alcohol extracts obtained by 24-hour maceration (91.1%) and alcohol extracts obtained by 24-hour maceration (88.8%) exhibited higher radical scavenging activity than other samples, while the decoction and infusion had moderate activities. Beside of this, it was found that the syrup and its subextracts have more total phenolic contents than other extracts. The alcohol extracts obtained by 24-hour maceration and by 48-hour maceration exhibited higher activity against Candida albicans (78 μg/mL and 156 μg/mL, respectively). Only the alcohol extract obtained by 48-hour maceration and ethyl acetate subextract of syrup showed an activity against Escherichia coli, while all samples except butanol subextract of syrup have an antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.