Orthopedics, vol.46, no.1, pp.27-34, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2023 Slack Incorporated. All rights reserved.This study aims to determine whether femoral lengthening with a magnetic motorized intramedullary nail (PRECICE; NuVasive) is safe and effective in patients with discrepancy due to limb salvage performed for bone sarcomas before skeletal maturity. Six patients (male, 4; female, 2) with a mean age of 9.3 years (range, 4.8-12.8 years) at the time of index limb salvage surgery were retrospectively analyzed. Four patients had undergone biological reconstruction with liquid-nitrogen recycled frozen autograft shell and inlaid vascular fibula combination and 2 had undergone nonbiological reconstruction with distal femur modular tumor endoprosthesis. The mean age at PRECICE operation was 16.1 years (range, 13.4-20.1 years). The mean prelengthening femoral discrepancy was measured as 60 mm (range, 39-80 mm). Lengthening was achieved in 5 of these 6 patients. Although the PRECICE nail was successfully implanted in the sixth patient, lengthening could never be performed owing to failure to overcome the chronic diaphyseal nonunion first, as intended with compressive use of the nail. For the other 5 patients, in whom lengthening was performed, the mean lengthening was 45 mm (range, 35-52 mm), the mean ratio of achieved to planned lengthening was 93% (range, 74%-100%), and the mean bone-healing index was 41 days per cm (range, 24-69 days per cm). Mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score improved from 25.6 to 27.2 after lengthening. No major complications occurred. The outcomes of this study demonstrate that the PRECICE implant can safely and effectively correct femoral length discrepancy caused by limb salvage performed for osteosarcoma before skeletal maturity.