Spectral singularities in the surface modes of a spherical gain medium

Mostafazadeh A., Sarisaman M.

PHYSICAL REVIEW A, vol.88, no.3, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 88 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1103/physreva.88.033810
  • Journal Name: PHYSICAL REVIEW A
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


We study the surface modes of a homogenous spherical gain medium and provide a comprehensive analytic treatment of a special class of these modes that supports spectral singularities. Because the latter have a divergent quality factor, we call them the singular gallery modes. We show that they can be excited using arbitrarily small amounts of gain, and as a result, the system lacks a lasing threshold, effectively. This shows that we can realize spectral singularities in the surface modes of extremely small spherical samples with modest amounts of gain. We also examine the possibility of exciting singular gallery modes with different wavelengths using the same amount of gain. This corresponds to the situation where the system undergoes simultaneous lasing at different wavelengths.