The Use of Low-Calcium Hemodialysis in the Treatment of Hypercalcemic Crisis

Trabulus S. , Oruc M., Ozgun E., Altiparmak M. R. , Seyahi N.

NEPHRON, vol.139, no.4, pp.319-331, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 139 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000488502
  • Title of Journal : NEPHRON
  • Page Numbers: pp.319-331


Background: We reviewed the results of low-calcium hemodialysis (LCHD; 1.25 mmol/L) in the treatment of 42 cases admitting with hypercalcemic crisis. Methods: All patients (>= 18 years) who started LCHD due to hypercalcemia between 2002 and 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Biochemical data were obtained at the beginning of the first hemodialysis and at the end of the last hemodialysis. "Refractory" cases were defined as patients having albumin corrected serum total calcium (SCatotal) levels above 10.2 mg/dL despite of all medical, surgical, and hemodialysis treatments. Results: By acceptance of 3 cases admitted again over 6 months as new cases, a total of 42 cases (male, 57.1%) with a mean age of 55.9 +/- 14.8 years underwent urgent hemodialysis. Most of the patients (82.1%) had malignancies. The mean SCatotal level at the beginning of hemodialysis sessions was 15.89 +/- 2.53 mg/dL. The mean decline of SCatotal level was 4.63 +/- 2.72 mg/dL. Refractory cases received hemodialysis after admission significantly later than improved cases (48 [interquartile ranges (IQR) 24-168] vs. 24 [IQR 12-48] h, p = 0.010). Serum creatinine and SCatotal levels at the last visit were significantly more in refractory cases than improved cases (1.92 [IQR 0.81-3.41] vs. 1.30 [IQR 0.81.7] mg/dL, p = 0.031 and 12.43 +/- 2.53 vs. 8.86 +/- 0.67 mg/dL, p = 0.000 respectively). Mortality was significantly higher in refractory cases than improved cases (58.8 vs. 10.5%, p = 0.002). Overall mortality rate was 33.3%. Conclusion: Hypercalcemic crisis is a life-threatening condition and should be managed immediately. (C) 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel