Genistein Inhibits Cell Proliferation and Stimulates Apoptosis in Human Coronary Artery Endothelial Cells

Kayisli U. A. , Guzeloglu-Kayisli O., Guzel E. , Arici A.

GYNECOLOGIC AND OBSTETRIC INVESTIGATION, cilt.75, ss.235-242, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 75 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000345936
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.235-242


Background/Aims: Isoflavone genistein is a plant-derived compound structurally similar to estradiol, which behaves weakly estrogenic or anti-estrogenic in a cell- and concentration-dependent manner. Genistein has been hypothesized to have beneficial effects on vascular diseases, although the mechanism has been unclear. Here, we investigated whether genistein may play a role in atherogenesis by regulating human coronary artery endothelial cell (HCAEC) survival. Methods: HCAECs obtained from 48- to 53-year-old women (n = 3) were used and immunocytochemistry, cell proliferation assay and apoptosis assay were carried on HCAECs treated by genistein. Results: Immunocytochemistry confirmed that HCAECs in culture express predominantly ESR2. Cell proliferation assay revealed that following 72 h of genistein treatment, HCAEC proliferation decreased in a concentration-dependent (10(-10) to 10(-6) m) manner compared to control (p < 0.01). The anti-proliferative effect of genistein is inhibited by estradiol. Genistein (10(-8) M) also induced a time-dependent increase in the number of apoptotic HCAECs after 24-, 48- and 72-hour treatments as detected by TUNEL and morphological analyses. Conclusion: These findings suggest that genistein acts as an anti-proliferative agent on HCAECs. The anti-proliferative and proapoptotic effects of genistein on vascular cells underlie the proposed anti-atherogenic and cardioprotective role of genistein. Copyright (C) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel