ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY, vol.24, pp.117-121, 2006 (SCI-Expanded)
The aim of this study was to evaluate rhinomanometric responses to nasal allergen provocation in children with allergic rhinitis sensitized to house dust mite. We studied 51 children, aged 6-16 years (mean: 11.5 +/- 2.6 years), with clinical symptoms of perennial allergic rhinitis without asthma and 20 non-atopic healthy controls in the same age range (mean: 11.8 +/- 3.8 years). All of the patients had positive skin prick test (SPT) results and serum specific IgE above 0.70 kU/I to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp). Nasal provocation testing (NPT) was performed with increasing concentrations of Dp extracts and the nasal response was evaluated by active anterior rhinomanometry. A 100% increase of resistance in one or both nasal cavities was considered positive. There was a statistically significant difference of baseline nasal resistance (total, right and left sides) between the control and the patient groups (p < 0.001). A positive response to house dust mite allergens was recorded in 47/51 (92.2%) patients by rhinomanometry. The NPT presented no significant correlation with age, weight, height, SPT diameter, serum total and specific IgE levels to Dp and baseline nasal airway resistance values. This study suggests that a nasal provocation test with allergen is unnecessary in children with positive skin prick test and serum IgE specific to house dust mite. The rhinomanometric response to the allergen provocation does not correlate with the diameter of the skin prick test and the level of serum specific IgE.