THE DIALECT USE IN LITERARY WORKS: THE CASE OF BEKIR YILDIZ


GÖZTAŞ G.

TURKIYAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF STUDIES IN TURKOLOGY, ss.113-134, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 42
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Dergi Adı: TURKIYAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF STUDIES IN TURKOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.113-134

Özet

Dialects are different from the standard language in terms of morphology, syntax and vocabulary. Literary works, written with the standard language, can also contain dialects for various reasons. Socialist-Realist writers prefer to use dialects in their literary works. Dialects are employed in literary works to increase the reality of the subject matter, to boost the subject matter's impact on the reader. In this study, the dialect used in Bekir Yildiz's stories is analyzed. Texts, written with the standard language, contain dialects within dialogues and interior monologues. The specified data are analyzed under the subtitles of phonology, morphology, syntax and vocabulary. The dialect can be characterized as "East Group Dialect" according to Leyla Karahan's classification. Dialects are used in Yildiz's stories that are taking place in the East, yet they are not used in the city life and especially in the language of the characters going to Germany. In the texts, in addition to material features typical of the region in terms of phonological and morphological aspects, there are local words, idioms and proverbs, prayers, impracation phrases of attestation, expressions of swearing, exclamations and slangs which are interesting in terms of vocabulary. Dialect used in literary works can be examined as a document of dialect compilations. The fact that dialect is not employed in the stories taking place in Germany shows the changes in the social structure and language.