Circular Dichroism in Nonlinear Topological Weyl Semimetals


Alomeare H., Nutku F., Sarısaman M.

JOURNAL OF OPTICS, vol.26, no.6, pp.1-10, 2024 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/2040-8986/ad3cf3
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF OPTICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-10
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In recent years, the field of topological photonics has emerged as a promising area of research due to its potential for developing new photonic devices with unique properties. Topological Weyl semimetals (TWS), which are characterized by the presence of Weyl points in their electronic band structure, are one such example of a material with interesting topological properties. In this study, Kerr and Faraday rotations were used to determine the nonlinear characteristics of TWS. We focused on surfaces where no Fermi arcs are involved, so that Maxwell's equations would contain some peculiar topological terms. In Weyl semimetals with a specific topology, the distance between Weyl nodes aligned along the z-direction functions as a magnet. This results in a significant polar Kerr/Faraday rotation effect that is proportional to the separation distance, when light is directed onto the surface of the topological Weyl semimetal that lacks Fermi arc states. Conversely, when the light is directed onto a surface with Fermi arc states, the Voigt effect is quadratically proportional to the separation distance. We considered electromagnetic wave propagation in a nonlinear Kerr-type medium. We have derived and solved the linear and nonlinear Helmholtz equations for topological Weyl semimetals by using tanh method. Our findings reveal that wave solutions could have some potentially significant implications for the design and optimization of photonic devices based on topological Weyl semimetals.