Traditional medicine in Sakarya province (Turkey) and antimicrobial activities of selected species


UZUN E., ÖZBEK ÇELİK B. , ÖTÜK G. , MAT A., SARIYAR G.

JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, vol.95, pp.287-296, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 95
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.287-296

Abstract

Traditional medicine in North–West of Turkey (Sakarya province) were studied during a 2 months field study by interviewing local

informants from several villages. Plant species used to treat infections were tested for antimicrobial activity.

Information was collected for 46 plant species from 30 families and for 5 animal species. Twenty four of the plant species were cultivated.

Most used families were Asteraceae, Cucurbitaceae, Lamiaceae and Rosaceae and the most used plants were

 

Artemisia absinthium, Equisetum

telmateia

 

 

, Lavandula stoechas, Melissa officinalis, Tussilago farfara and Urtica dioica. A total of 139 medicinal uses were obtained. Plants

are used mainly for infectious diseases (18%), for neurological and psychological disorders (13.7%), cardiovascular disorders (13%), skin

disorders (12.2%) and respiratory disorders (10.1%).

Extracts were tested in vitro for antimicrobial activity against

 

Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 65538, Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC

12228,

 

Escherichia coli ATCC 8739, Klebsiella pneumonia ATCC 4352, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 1539, Salmonella typhi, Shigella

flexneri, Proteus mirabilis

 

 

and Candida albicans ATCC 10231, using microbroth dilution technique according to National Committee for

Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS). This research showed that

 

Arum maculatum, Datura stramonium, Geranium asphodeloides and

Equisetum telmateia

 

 

petroleum ether extracts had MIC values of 39.1 g/ml, 78.1 g/ml, 78.1 g/ml and 39.1 g/ml, respectively against

Staphylococcus epidermidis

 

 

. Datura stramonium petroleum ether extract had a MIC value of 39.1 g/ml against Escherichia coli and Trachystemon

orientalis

 

 

ethanol extract had a MIC value of 39.1 g/ml against Escherichia coli. The antimicrobial activity of Arum maculatum,

Equisetum telmateia

 

 

, Geranium asphodeloides, Plantago intermedia, Senecio vulgaris and Trachystemon orientalis has been reported here

for the first time.