Psychometric properties of the Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis (PUQE-24) Scale

YILMAZ T., DİNÇ KAYA H., GÜNAYDIN S., Guducu N., Dissiz M.

JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, vol.42, no.6, pp.1739-1745, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01443615.2022.2036961
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.1739-1745
  • Keywords: Nausea, pregnancy, PUQE-24, reliability, validity, NAUSEA, GINGER
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


The objective of this study is to conduct a reliability and validity study of the Turkish version of the 'Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis (PUQE-24)' in pregnant women. In the Turkish version, Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.75, and the item-total score correlations were between 0.75 and 0.85. In the exploratory factor analysis it was determined that the scale had a single-factor structure explaining 65.968% of the total variance. The factor load values of the scale were found to be between 0.776 and 0.831. The Turkish version of scale was found to be a valid and reliable measurement in pregnant women.IMPACT STATEMENT What is already known on this subject? Complaints of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy are common. Therefore, it is important to evaluate nausea and vomiting during pregnancy with a valid and reliable tool. Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis (PUQE-24) is a reliable tool for assessing the severity of nausea and vomiting symptoms. The original scale was translated into various languages, its validity and reliability were made in some countries and it was used in many studies. What do the results of this study add? The present study showed that Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis (PUQE-24) is valid and reliable for Turkish pregnant women. Thus, the scale can be used as a reliable tool in Turkish population. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? As a result of this study, Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis (PUQE-24) can be used as a validated tool for the Turkish population during clinical practice by healthcare professionals and researchers, who are evaluating nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. In future studies, it can be used as an objective assessment tool to determine whether an intervention is needed for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy or to reveal whether the intervention has worked.