The Artificial Intelligence Paradox: Opportunity or Threat for Humanity?


Bozkurt V., Gursoy D.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION, vol.40, no.24, pp.1-14, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 24
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10447318.2023.2297114
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ABI/INFORM, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Library and Information Science Abstracts, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-14
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study explores whether AI is perceived as a threat or an opportunity and examines whether the perception of AI varies according to demographic factors, religious commitment, trust in science, beliefs in conspiracy theories, and previous experiences with AI utilizing data collected from 1443 participants. While most respondents believe that AI will simplify life (63%), increase efficiency (62%), and therefore, the development of AI should be encouraged (51%), a significant portion of the respondents is concerned that AI will increase unemployment (52%) and lead to social inequalities (47%). Around 21% of the respondents believe that AI may destroy humanity eventually. Respondents’ age, gender, occupation, religious commitment, beliefs in conspiracy theories, and previous experiences with AI (familiarity) significantly influence respondents’ perception of AI both as an opportunity and threat. Findings suggest that AI is paradoxically seen as a double-edged sword, perceived both as an opportunity and a threat, which indicates a pronounced confusion about AI among respondents.