A new effective potential for deuteron


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Koohrokhi T., Kartal S.

COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS, vol.74, no.7, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1572-9494/ac6fc3
  • Journal Name: COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, INSPEC, zbMATH
  • Keywords: superpotential, Boson exchange, supersymmetry, effective potential, NUCLEON-NUCLEON, CONSTANTS, EXCHANGE, MODEL
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

We calculate for the first time the static properties of the deuteron, within the framework of supersymmetric quantum mechanics, analytically. A new effective potential and its partner are derived from a superpotential so that all parameters are fitted by the experimental data. An analytical expression is obtained for the deuteron wave function and contributions of the orthogonal (13) S (1) and (13) D (1) states are determined, explicitly. Compared to one pion exchange, the superpotential produces an electrostatic as well as two pion exchange terms for the potential. The saddle point radius of the potential and the maximum of the wave function are linearly proportional. In comparison with other methods, the approach presented in this paper is a new and extensible symmetry-based approach that, despite its straightforward calculations and explicit analytical expressions, provides a good explanation for two-body effective interactions such as two-nucleon systems and diatomic molecules.