Surgical decision making and factors determining a diagnosis of breast carcinoma in women presenting with nipple discharge

CABIOĞLU N., Hunt K., Singletary S., Stephens T., Marcy S., Meric F., ...More

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, vol.196, no.3, pp.354-364, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


BACKGROUND: There is no consensus about the use of the various diagnostic tests and surgical procedures available to confirm or rule out breast cancer in patients presenting with nipple discharge. This study was designed to identify patient and nipple-discharge characteristics associated with the diagnosis of breast cancer and to determine the utility of mammography, sonography, ductography, and cytology in surgical decision making in patients presenting with pathologic nipple discharge.