Optimization of Seismic Base Isolation System Using Adaptive Harmony Search Algorithm

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Ocak A., NİGDELİ S. M., BEKDAŞ G., Kim S., Geem Z. W.

SUSTAINABILITY, vol.14, no.12, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/su14127456
  • Journal Name: SUSTAINABILITY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: harmony search, adaptive harmony search, seismic isolation, structural control, optimization, TRIPLE FRICTION PENDULUMS, OPTIMUM DESIGN, PROTECTION, RUBBER
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


In this study, a seismic isolator placed on the base of a structure was optimized under various earthquake records using an adaptive harmony search algorithm (AHS). As known, the base-isolation systems with very low stiffness provide a rigid response of superstructure, so it was assumed that the structure is rigid and the base-isolated structure can be considered as a single-degree of freedom structure. By using this assumption, an optimization method that is independent of structural properties but specific to the chosen earthquake excitation set is proposed. By taking three different damping ratio limits and isolator displacement limits, the isolator period and damping ratio were optimized so that the acceleration of the structure was minimized for nine cases. In the critical seismic analysis performed with optimum isolator parameters, the results obtained for different damping ratios and isolator periods were compared. From the results, it is determined that isolators with low damping ratios require more ductility, and as the damping ratio increases, further restriction of the movement of the isolator increases the control efficiency. Thus, it is revealed that increasing the ductility of the isolator is effective in reducing the total acceleration in the structure.