Etiology of deafness at the Yeditepe School for the deaf in Istanbul

Egeli E., Cicekci G., Silan F., Ozturk O., Harputluoglu U., Onur A., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY, vol.67, no.5, pp.467-471, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier


Objective: The etiology of deafness can be classified as genetic, acquired and unknown. An unknown etiology was a high incidence in previous reports. The aim of this study is to explore the etiology of deafness and to reduce the cases in the unknown group. Methods: This study was conducted on 162 students at the Yeditepe School for the deaf. Otologic, physical and psychological. examinations were performed by a team of doctors including four otologists, a geneticist, a dentist, an ophthalmologist and an audiologist. Results: A genetic cause was identified in 41.35%, acquired 37.65% and unknown 20.98%. Genetic etiologies were stratified as familial and syndromic subgroups. A familial cause was found in 60 of 162 children and in 22 of those 60 cases, the parents had a consanguineous marriage. There was 11 cases associated with a syndrome. Ninety four minor abnormalities have been established in some deaf children. Febrile convulsion (36%) was identified as the most common etiology in acquired cases. Conclusion: In contrast with other studies the consanguineous marriage was present in 36.6% of the familial cases and 38.8% in total of the school. An unknown etiology was reported in high rates in previous reports. These unknown cases could be described as a part of a syndrome by a crowded team of consultants. Evaluation of early diagnostic criterias and minor abnormalities can help us to provide early rehabilitation of deafness in childhood. Published by Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.