ACTA CARDIOLOGICA, vol.61, no.3, pp.285-288, 2006 (SCI-Expanded)
Atrial myxomas are the most commonly encountered tumours of the heart and can present at different ages with different clinical symptoms. They are one of the curable tumours of the heart. Appropriate surgical treatment and surgery must be performed with great precautions in order to prevent fatal systemic embolizations. In this retrospective study we will present our experience of 14 years, between 1990 and 2004, in 27 patients who had been operated for cardiac myxomas. Diagnosis of the myxomas were made by echocardiography in all cases. Surgical approach to the tumour was biatrial in nine, left atrial in 11, and transseptal in seven patients. Associated procedures included coronary artery bypass grafting in one, mitral valve repair with tricuspid annuloplasty in two patients, mitral valve replacement in one and bilateral femoral embolectomy in one patient. One hospital mortality occurred as a result of multiorgan failure in a patient with peripheral embolization. None of the patients required recurrent operation, however, mitral valve insufficiency was surgically corrected in one patient.