XVI. European Congress of Psychology, Moskova, Russia, 2 - 05 July 2019, pp.1
There is abundant research investigating why intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs. These explanations have been grouped under four levels: ontogenic (variables related with developmental history), microsystem (characteristics of the violence setting), exosystem (formal and informal social structures) and macrosystem (general culture). This study aims to survey and compare IPV victim women’s (own) and partner’s (perceived) explanations for IPV. Women who have been living in a shelter (N = 78) and with a partner (N = 79) participated in the study (total N = 157). They were presented with a checklist about causes of violence. It included items from ontogenic (furiousness, alcohol-drug use, stress, and psychological problems), microsystem (refuse to have sex, and children), exosystem (economic reasons, immediate environment, relatives, and displacement of his anger towards me), and macrosystem levels (right of a man and disobedience of woman). Participants filled out the checklist from their own and partner’s perspective with a response set fixed to “Yes-No”. Results of Chi-Square analyses revealed that all items were signed as “Yes” more when the women were reporting from their own perspective compared to their partners’ except for disobedience of women which had a reverse pattern (furiousness: χ2(1) = 45.473, p < .001, V = .54; alcohol-drug use: χ2(1) = 98.782, p < .001, V = .80; stress: χ2(1) = 68.641, p < .001, V = .66; and psychological problems: χ2(1) = 48.058, p < .001, V = .55), microsystem (refusing to have sex: χ2(1) = 101.850, p < .001, V = .81; and children: χ2(1) = 75.196, p < .001, V = .69), exosystem (economic reasons: χ2(1) = 44.013, p < .001, V = .53; immediate environment: χ2(1) = 44.734, p < .001, V = .53; relatives: χ2(1) = 58.337, p < .001, V = .61; and displacement of his anger towards me: χ2(1) = 35.888, p < .001, V = .48), and macrosystem levels (right of a man: χ2(1) = 84.037, p < .001, V = .73; and disobedience of woman: χ2(1) = 39.809, p < .001, V = .50). IPV victims feel a discrepancy between their own and partners’ explanations for IPV.