Personality differences in remembering future intentions and intentional forgetting


Yılmaz B., Bozdemir M., CİNAN S.

Cognition, Brain, Behavior. An Interdisciplinary Journal, vol.22, no.3, pp.163-174, 2018 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.24193/cbb.2018.22.11
  • Title of Journal : Cognition, Brain, Behavior. An Interdisciplinary Journal
  • Page Numbers: pp.163-174

Abstract

This study aimed to examine individual differences in personality in relation to
memory for future intentions with different contents (good, bad, and neutral
intentions) by using a directed forgetting paradigm. The Prospective and
Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ) and a personality test were
administered to a total of 298 university students in the first testing session. In the
second testing session a directed forgetting of future intentions (DFFI) task was
used to assess memory performance of four different groups with high or low
scores on conscientiousness and agreeableness. The results showed that levels of
self-reported memory failures were higher in both the low conscientiousness and
the low agreeableness groups compared to the levels reported by the groups who
scored high on these personality dimensions. However, objective performancebased
assessments demonstrated that, compared to their low-score counterparts,
the high conscientiousness and the high agreeableness groups had a poorer
performance on the DFFI task. In addition, the number of bad intentions to be
forgotten but falsely retrieved were found to be fewer compared to good and
neutral intentions for all individuals with low or high personality scores.